24. Initiation of New Proceeding Regarding Uncharged Violation

10 DOS 92 Matter of DOS v. Donati - DOS may initiate subsequent proceeding to litigate issues not charged as violations in current proceedings

131 DOS 93 Matter of Sitterly - consolidate separate complaints where common questions of law and fact would serve the interests of justice and administrative economy; contracts are presumed to express parties' intention and effect is given to their plain words; broker can rely upon deposit clause providing for funds to be maintained in escrow or until mutual agreement of the parties; ALJ does not consider uncharged claim of use of form contract with mutually inconsistent provisions; unlicensed name (addition of franchiser's name to the licensed name) violation mitigated by absence of harm to public; reprimand and discontinue use of licensed name or obtain licensure of franchisee name; corporate broker vicariously liable for acts of representative broker

1 DOS 94 Matter of ERA Faza Realty - DOS is not divested of jurisdiction by voluntary surrender of license or expiration of license if action occurred while licensed, while an applicant for a license, or while eligible to automatically renew per RPL §441(2); requirement of informed consent to dual agency; concealment, misrepresentation and failure in seeking to purchase for own account (2 transactions arranged - sale to licensee and resale at profit to customer, who was qualified for mortgage, but who seller was told had failed to qualify); disgorge profit and commission; fee not related to performance of legitimate service; representative broker must be corporate officer and is vicariously liable for wrongful act of associated salesperson under RPL §442-c; restitutionnot attributed to corporate broker where no proof that funds illegally obtained were collected by or in any way benefitted the corporation; DOS has no power to assess damages; representative broker not required to supervise another representative broker and not liable for misconduct of another representative broker who meets test of RPL §442-c; complaint dismissed as to other representative broker

38 DOS 94 Matter of DOS v. Scala - application to reopen hearing requires showing of meritorious defense; here affidavit filed established conduct of business under unlicensed trade names and does not show defense to use of unlicensed address; improper use of trade name prior to licensure; improper use of unlicensed address on listing agreements; uncharged misconduct of operating unlicensed corporation not considered; late affidavit considered "in the interests of justice"

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Fourth quarter Legal Lines now available

The fourth quarter 2019 edition of NYSAR’s Legal Lines is now available online at This edition covers new DOS proposed regulations, emotional support animals in housing, Landlord discrimination and more. Learn more